Philosophy

  • In his book The Science Delusion, the British biologist Rupert Sheldrake raises the questions: is our current scientific paradigm build on firm ground? If we took its basic tenets not as self-evident truths, but as hypotheses, would they stand up to the evidence?

  • In this article, we present several outlooks on the definition of human rights and describe different basic conceptions of human rights. We also deal with their normative nature and the basic questions of interpretation.

  • In this article, we point out the importance of procedural justice in the process of construction of social policy. The principle of procedural justice in its pure form is described by Rawls (1995), who is referring to Brian Barry. We distinguish perfect and imperfect procedural justice.

  • There are three basic principles upon which modern social security systems are built upon: the principle of merit, the principle of equality and the principle of need. The Slovak social security system is separated into three main subsystems, each of which is for the most part based on one of these three principles.

  • Abstract: Three radical worldviews and research approaches are salient in social studies: individualism, holism, and systemism. Individualism focuses on the composition of social systems, whereas holism focuses on their structure. Neither of them is adequate, one because all individuals are interrelated and two because there are no relations without relata. The only cogent and viable alternative is systemism, according to which everything is either a system or a component of a system, and every system has peculiar (emergent) properties that its components lack.